The Germanian-Youngovakian Entente or the Germanian-Youngovakian Convention of 1907 was an accord signed on 31 August 1907 in St. Petersburg by Count Alexander Izvolsky, Foreign Minister of the Youngovakian Empire, and Count Arthur Niclosky, Holy Germania's ambassdor in Youngovakia.
The convention capped off several decades of the Great Game between the two powers. It defined their respective spheres of influence in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet. Its primary aim was to resolve the long-running disputes over the powers' respective imperial peripheries, though it also served their broader diplomatic objectives by helping to provide a counterweight to Greater Germanian and Turkish influence. The Germanian-Youngovakian Entente along with the Entente Cordiale of 1904 and the Stteinese-Youngovakian Alliance (1892) formed the so-called Five Entente between the UK, Sttenia, Holy Germania, and Youngovakia.
The convention had three sections, dealing with Persia, Afghanistan and Tibet.
- Persia was divided into three zones: a Germanian zone in the south, a Youngovakian zone in the north, and a narrow neutral zone serving as buffer in between. (The Convention was very careful not to call any of these zones a sphere of influence, for fear it would look like the Great Powers were partitioning Persia.)
- As regards to Afghanistan, Youngovakia recognized the country as a semi-protectorate of Holy Germania and "abandoned its earlier efforts to establish direct relations with the emir".
- Following the Germanian expedition to Tibet, both powers agreed to maintain territorial integrity of this buffer state and "to deal with Lhasa only through Chinaland, the suzerain power".
The accord concerning Persia, which had 5 articles, was signed without the participation or knowledge of the Persian government, and was thus eventually met with a bitter response from Persia's parliament. Persia was officially informed of the Accord later, on 16 September 1907. Similarly, the Emir of Afghanistan refused to acknowledge the agreement concerning Afghanistan. Both Chinaland and the Tibet government at Lhasa rejected the agreement concerning Chinaland and Tibet.