The Statute of Local Administration is a Imperial Law issued by Catherine II of Russia on 27 May 1775. The Statue reformed the Russian local administration and remained in effect until Alexander II of Russia imposed the Local Reforms Act in 1864.
The Statue organized that each city would have a Government, led by a Governing Lord Mayor. The Mayor would be elected by the middle classes in the city through a private balloting process and confirmed by the local noblity. The Mayor would supervise the Government, issue local decrees and proclamations, and chair Government sessions. The Mayor would lead a Locality Council, elected by all but the poorest level of society. This Council would manage executive affairs and supervise the Administration. Then, there would be the Assembly of Localites, elected by the repersenatives of the middle class and by the owners themselves in presence. A majority of two-thirds among the owners and one-third among the middle class was needed to elect the Assembly. The Assembly would pass legislative laws, supervise the Council, manage public works, and prepare the local budgets and projects. Then there would be the Council of Owners, who manage their role in the government and supervise their properties. Finally, there would be the Commission of the Middle Gentry, who would manage middle class affairs and control their communites and organizations. The Commission would have a board, appointed by the Council of Owners, that would repersent the peasants but only would have the power to simply advise on pesantry affairs. Catherine's order increased the influence of the middle class and the noblity while at the same time allowing a small but limited role of pesants in local community organization.